Most Important Woodworking Tips and Techniques For Starters

If you are starting out with some unique woodworking project ideas and would like to build your first pieces of art, there are certain woodworking tips and techniques which can help you master this art. While beginners may need it most, there are certain techniques that can be very useful to experienced woodworkers as well. This article will explore three important aspects of woodworking tips and techniques, namely; understanding the kind of wood you are dealing with, preventing tear outs and different types if chisels and how to use them.

Although basic, they are essential knowledge for anyone taking up woodwork.

Understanding your wood

Every type of hardwood is made up of small pipelines or vessels, which are used in the production of sap. The size of these vessels varies and some are big enough to be visible to the eye. When cut across, they are called pores and this is why hardwoods are called “porous woods”. The uniformity and appearance of hardness in a certain kind of wood is affected by the distribution, number and size of these pores. “Non-porous woods” have no vessels and are called softwoods for this reason. The following types of woods can be used in woodwork.

Non-porous

Also called Softwoods, these have no vessels and water is conducted through tracheid cells instead. However, the growth-ring characteristic varies in different softwoods. The growth rings are non-distinct in white pines, and like diffuse-porous woods, the stain uptake is fairly even. The growth rings are visible yellow pine, in latewood, the stain uptake is not as pronounced as in early wood, as they are ring-porous woods.

Semi-ring Porous or Semi-diffuse Porous

In species like black walnut and butternut, pores are smaller in the latewood and larger towards the earlywood, but the lack the clear demarcation in zoning as seen in woods which are ring-porous. Also, species like cottonwood are occasionally tended to be semi-ring porous but are usually simply ring porous.

Ring Porous

In oak and ash, the pores are uniform in size and evenly distributes in the latewood while the largest pores are visible in the earlywood. Distinct figures and patterns are visible in these woods which become more pronounced because of the uneven uptake of stain. These are called open-grain woods as well.

Diffuse Porous

In species like maple, yellow poplar and cherry, the pores have a fairly even distribution across the latewood and earlywood. Small-diameter pores are found to in most domestic diffuse-porous woods, while tropical types of this wood like mahogany have large pores in comparison. These woods typically have an even stain uptake and there is yet to be a scientifically proven explanation when it comes to singling out the cause of blotching). These types of woods are also called closed-grain woods.  Know more about best dewalt router table as we explore every tiny detail.

Understanding and preventing Tear Out

Tear-out is something that is undeniably ugly for all woodworkers and woodworking projects. The key to preventing this from happening is by understanding why it happens in the first place. The first true dive into the understanding wood and why tear out happens was started in the 1950s by Norman C. Franz. It showed how wood can fail when you use hand tools or power tools to cut it. With the use of a milling machine and a movie camera, Franz was able to make awesome photos that showed how certain cuts can grain to tear. Franz showed three types of cuts, stating that only one kind can lead to tearing. The tear-out depends on the line you are cutting at. Whether or not tear out happens depends on whether you are traveling above or below this line.

“Type I” Cut Against the Grain = Tear-out

A “Type I” cut can occur when you are cutting and the wood fails ahead of the edge. The cut goes deeper than is actually intended and this leads to the shaving being levered upwards, this happens mostly when the tool is cutting against the grain of the board. The failure happens because the cutter travels below the line and consequently you get tear out.

“Type I” Cut Along the Grain = No Tear-out

In a “Type I” cut, no tear out occurs because you are working along the grain of the board and the cutter is basically traveling above the line.

“Type II” Cut = No Tear-out

A “Type II” cut, regardless of whether it is against the grain or with it, the wood tends to fail right at the edge, but there is no tear-out. A “Type II” cut can be encouraged with the use of a sharp tool, a tight mouth aperture or a high angle of attack.

“Type III” Cut Can Cause a “Type I” Cut

A “Type III” cut can be achieved by using a high angle of attack and compressing the wood fibers at the cutting edge. However, this compressed wood may become problematic. It may become so compressed that it turns into a wedge and the wood fibers are levered up in front of the cutting edge, leading to consequently torn grain.

Understand Chisels and Chiseling techniques

Knowing the type of chisel you require is very essential to be able to get good at woodworking techniques.

Mortising Chisel:

It has a thick blade which allows the tool to be pushed with a mallet and helps in levering out waste in mortises. A variant of this chisel is the firmer chisel, also having a thick blade, although less thick than a mortising chisel. It is made for work which is comparatively heavier. The butt chisel is also a variant, it is a firm chisel and has a short blade.

Bevel-edge Chisel:

This tool can get into tight spaces because of the long edges which are at an angle. It is ideal for tight spaces like between dovetails. It cannot be used for heavy chopping. A common variant has a thinner, longer blade and is called a paring chisel.

Common Chiseling Techniques

  • The most important detail that needs to be looked after is the position you are at when using a particular tool. Be at a position where you can see the profile of the tool and determine it is at an angle of 90. Always use the cutting edge to define your layout lines.
  • When paring, it is important to have both control and power to get your desired result. For this, it is best to use one hand to push the tool and the other to steer the blade.
  • Scraping is also a very useful technique one can use when working with a chisel. It is ideal for making hand-cut joints cleaner, particularly rabbits and tenons.

If one is well versed in the above-given woodworking tips and techniques, it is very easy to make rapid progress and to get to the next level.

Article Credits: https://www.mikeswoodworkingprojects.com/most-important-woodworking-tips-and-techniques-for-starters/

9 Ways to Save Money on Your Wedding Reception

After almost 30 years of helping bridal couples plan their weddings, I’ve refined the following ideas as the easiest and most common ways to keep costs under control:

  1. Invite fewer guests. It sounds silly, but this one choice can have the single largest impact on your total budget. Caterers charge by the person for food plus you may need to rent additional equipment for larger groups. Often, having fewer guests will mean that you are able to choose a nicer menu that would be beyond your budget for a larger group.
  2. Schedule your wedding for a very early afternoon. An afternoon reception is usually shorter than an evening reception, resulting in lower staff costs. It is perfectly acceptable to offer only light appetizers or a light lunch for an afternoon reception. Guests will expect a meal to be served at evening receptions.
  3. Have your wedding during the week. Saturdays are the most popular days for weddings and venue rates are always highest on weekends. Most locations offer lower rental rates on Fridays or Sundays. Caterers and other vendors often will charge less for receptions held on weekdays.
  4. Pick a date during the off season. Most weddings are held May through September. Have your wedding during the slow season when venue rates are usually lower. Many wedding vendors offer lower prices or other incentives during their slow season as well. 
  5. Choose a location that includes tables and chairs in the rental rate. Having to rent your own tables and chairs can add substantially to your total bill.
  6. Choose a location and caterer that will allow you to provide your own alcoholic beverages. Clubs and other locations that provide liquor service make a substantial amount of their profit on alcohol sales. Providing your own beverages can save a great deal of money. Check with your caterer to see if they allow you to bring your own beverages and if they charge corkage fees.
  7. Hire a disc jockey rather than a band. Disc jockeys will play any type of music you want – at a much lower rate than a band.
  8. Have your friends and family set up and decorate the hall. Friends will offer to help you with your wedding – let them!
  9. Use disposable serving items instead of china & glass. Not only are China and glassware more expensive than disposables, their use also requires additional staff for set up, bussing and dishwashing.

By choosing one or several of the above money saving ideas, you can reduce the total costs for your wedding reception.

Adhering to a financial plan can be precarious with regards to your wedding, clearly we as a whole the most elite for our ‘Enormous day’. In any case, when a normal of more than half of your spending will be going towards the cooking and bar tab, its vital to discover approaches to cut costs, spare cash and still have the supernatural wedding day you’ve generally longed for. Working direct with cooks and scenes, our Experts know firsthand the little-known techniques that will enable you to squeeze pennies on providing food costs, so you can allocate a greater amount of your financial plan to the fun customized touches that fill your heart with joy genuinely yours!

My most important piece of advice is saved for last: decide what’s most important to you about your reception and allow enough in your budget to accomplish that dream. Make less costly choices on items that are not as important to you.

Your wedding day should be joyous and stress-free. Once you’ve made your choices, relax and have a wonderful day!